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WAEC GCE Geography Questions and Answers 2023/2024 (Essay and Objectives)

WAEC GCE Geography Questions and Answers 2023. I will be showing you the WAEC GCE Geography objective and theory questions for free. You will also understand how WAEC GCE Geography Practical (map reading) questions are set and many more examination details.

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The West African Examination Council is an examination body that sets questions annually from areas student should, after their studies in the senior secondary school, be able to write and pass without stress.

WAEC GCE Geography answers and questions Objectives and Essay will be provided here and the authenticity of this WAEC GCE 2023 Geography solutions to questions has been tested and confirmed to be sure.

See: WAEC GCE Timetable

WAEC GCE Geography Questions and Answers 2023 (EXPO)

The 2023 WAEC GCE Geography expo will be posted here during the 2023 WAEC GCE Geography examination. Keep checking and reloading this page for the answers.

WAEC GCE Nov/Dec. Geography Questions and Answers 2023 Loading…

Today’s WAEC GCE Geography Answers:

GCE Geo OBJ Answers: Loading…


Note: The answers below are the 2020 Nov/Dec answers.


No (1b)

1.  Setup costs

As is the case in any business, the initial costs of setting up the industry are very high. You should, therefore, be prepared to spend in finding the location, workers, purchasing the necessary machinery and even paying the required authorities. You should also calculate the costs needed to maintain the industry before it starts generating profit.

2.   Location of the Industry

The location you choose for the industry should be close enough to the sources of your raw materials and also not too far from your target market. This will help in reducing the costs incurred in transport costs and also ensure that your products are still fresh when they hit the market. Ensure that there is adequate infrastructure such as good roads and rails nearby for easy mobility.

3.   Demand for your Products

Choosing the right product for production is the key to a successful business. Therefore, before starting the industry, ensure that you have done adequate research on the products in the market and have found a gap where which you can fill. Producing products that are already flooded in the market will only result in losses for your industry.

4.  Good Workers and Experienced Partners

As a small startup industry, you will need the help of other experienced industry members to help you promote your product and improve your dominance in the market. You should, therefore, ensure that you choose wisely who you’ll partner and ensure that they have a good reputation in the market and have been in the business for a long time.

5.   Legalities and Licenses

When starting the industry, ensure that you are aware of every authority that may be involved in the process and clear with each of them. Make sure that you have understood every law in place regarding the construction of manufacturing industries in that state or country, and that you can meet all their requirements.

Pick any 4


(i)United States Hartsfield – Jackson Atlanta International Airport.

(ii)China Beijing Capital International Airport

(iii)United States Los Angeles International Airport.

(iv)United Arab Emirates Dubai International Airport.


(i)High Speed: It is the fast speed means of transport. Passengers and goods can be transported easily from one place to the other.

(ii)Minimum Cost: Unlike railways and road transport, there is no need to spend money on the construction of any track or road, only airports have to be constructed.

(iii)Strategic Importance: An airway has great strategic importance. It can be used for internal and external security

(iv)Easy transport of costly and light goods; It is quite convenient to send costly, light and perishable goods through air transport.


(i) rugged terrain: some terrain are rough as they undulate thereby make construction of railway difficult

(ii)steep slopes: where the gradient is steep, it is difficult for trains to climb;

(iii)soil/landslides: the land in some areas are liable to falling thereby blocking the railway;

(iv)presence of many rivers: on terrains where rivers are numerous, the cost of constructing railways is high

(i)High dependency ratio leading to low rate of savings and investment.
(ii)High population growth rate due to high birth rate and reduced death rate.
(iii)Rapid rate of urbanization due to rural-urban migration as a result of lack of social amenities in the rural areas.
(iv)High rate of unemployment as a result of lack of industries and high population growth.

(i)Abundant resources: Since the people are few in such localities, they constitute an abundance of untapped resources which could be utilized in the near future.

(ii)Ease of planning: With few people to take care of, it will be easier for government to plan for the populace.

(iii)Low environmental pollution: Since people in low population density areas are not much, then, the total quantity of waste generated is small and can be easily managed.

(i)Increase in Unemployment:
With rapid increase in low population density, the most daunting task in Nigeria is to provide employment not only to the growing labour force every year, but also to reduce the backlog of the unemployed from the previous years.

(ii) Low Quality of Life:
The rapidly growing in low population density has kept the quality of life of the majority of Indians at a very low level. In other words people lacking access to health services and safe water and the percentage of children under five who are moderately or severely underweight.

(iii)Environmental Degradation: low population density is a major source of environmental degradation in the world Population affects the environment through the use of natural resources and production of wastes.

(i) Distance from the sea
(ii) Latitude
(iii) Planetary wind and pressure belts
(iv) Altitude and relief

(i) Long and heavy rainy season: This rainy season starts in late March and continues up to the end of July. The rainiest, peak period is in June and affects most parts of southern Nigeria. More than 85% humidity and wet rainy weather in most southern parts of Nigeria is observed during this season.

(ii) Short rainy season: This rainy season is very short and can be called an “August break”. It lasts from early September to mid-October and reaches its peak period at the very end of September. The short rains are not as heavy as those seen during the long rainy season.

(iii) Wet and long rainy season: The wet season lasts from June to September during which the amount and duration of rainfall increases from the south to the north of the country. The rains during the wet season are usually heavy and short, accompanied with storms.

(i) Agricultural importance: Rain is immensely important to agriculture. Where there is a limitation in water supply the plants do not develop as they should. The water is vital for the maintenance of physiological and chemical processes that takes place within plant structures.

(ii) Source of energy: Rain facilitates electricity supply through hydropower eg Kainji Dam locatedacross the Niger River in Niger State.

(iii) Source of water for drinking: Rain is needed for drinking because it can become as a source of fresh water. Humans require water to survive, as water is needed for us to stay hydrated. Plants and animals are also heavily dependent on it to thrive and survive.


(i)favourable climate for animal rearing e.g. and low relative humidity.

(ii)rolling/undulating plain; home of the Fulani – traditional cattle rearers and absence of tsetse fly.

(iii)adequate pasture/savanna grassland and high demand for cattle and its products.

(i)unreliable and scanty rainfall and presence of tsetse fly in some areas

(ii)inadequate drugs and vaccines and overgrazing of pasture.

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The questions below are not exactly 2023 WAEC GCE Geography questions and answers but likely WAEC GCE Geography repeated questions and answers.

These questions are strictly for practice. The 2023 WAEC GCE Geography Expo will be posted on this page on the day of the WAEC GCE Geography examination. Keep checking and reloading this page for the answers.

1. a) Highlight any three main characteristics of each of the following settlement types:
i) village;
ii) town.

b) State any four factors which are responsible for the growth of urban centers.

2. a) Define the following population terms:
i) census;
ii) mortality rate;

b) family planning. Outline any three problems confronting a country that is overpopulated.

c) Highlight any three ways by which the problem of overpopulation can be solved.

3. Write a geographical description of Chad Basin under the following:

a) relief and drainage;
b) people, population and settlement;
c) economic activities;
d) problems of development.

4. (a) Draw an outline map of Africa. On the map, show and name:
(i) any three rivers important for generating hydroelectricity;
(ii) any two dams on two of the rivers.

(b) Outline any five benefits of hydroelectric power to the people of Africa.


How To Pass WAEC GCE Geography Examination

The West African Examination Council (WAEC) is a body in charge of the Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination. The Certificate offered here is a very important credential that awards or certifies the completion of your Secondary School Education.

It is a major document that qualifies you into any tertiary institution and equally a major factor affecting admission today.

For this reason, every Student preparing for this examination WAEC GCE 2023 is preparing for something great.

Care should be taken when participating in this examination in other not to come out with bad grades. The following are the key answers to WAEC GCE Geography 2023.

1. Be Determined to Pass

The WAEC GCE 2023 Geography is mainly for those who have made up their mind to pass it with a good grade.

Any candidate who, at this point in time, has not made up his or her mind to make the excellent grade in the forthcoming WAEC GCE 2023 Geography is actually not ready to pass.

Your mind should be ready for the task ahead, do not follow lazy friends who believe in a miracle on the day of the exams, stay positive and study your books.

2. Have self-confidence

Self-confidence is another factor that affects a candidate’s performance. Promise to do it all by yourself and everything will come out very simple for you.

It is a well-known fact that many students cancel the right answers just to copy the wrong ones because of a lack of self-confidence. Study and pray hard and you are the miracle for the day.

3. Start Studying Early

Studying is very important in your life as a student. WAEC GCE is a very simple Exam to deal with as long as studies are involved. Studying is one thing and studying on time is another thing entirely.

Do not wait for the WAEC GCE 2023 Geography exams to be so close before you start studying for them. Late preparation will not really help you. When you start studying early there will be time for you to revise before the exams.

2. Make Use of the WAEC GCE 2023 Syllabus

Using the WAEC GCE 2023 syllabus is essential as it will guide you on major topics to cover. Studying without the Syllabus will make you focus on unnecessary topics that will not appear in the exams.

Also, most of the Geography topics you have not done in class are in the WAEC GCE syllabus.

3. Pray to God Your Creator

Many think that they can do it all alone without God. The Almighty God is your creator, seek His assistance and He will never fail to help you. Your faith in God determines your success. God is there for you, call upon Him.

4. Adhere to exam instructions.

Any student who is not ready to adhere to the examination conducts is planning to fail. The majority of WAEC Candidates who have their result held are from those who were not ready to follow the Exam instructions.

5. Use Your Time Wisely.

It is a well-known fact that WAEC GCE Geography map reading needs a lot of time, manage the little time given to you wisely. Consider the number of questions you are to answer and the time given so that you can time wisely.

6. Be punctual to the examination venue

Punctuality matters during the exams. Go to the exam venue early so that your brain can settle for the task. Rushing to the exam hall will make you unstable for the exam and can prone you to so many mistakes.

Take time to go through the exam question paper before you start answering. WAEC GCE Geography Questions and Answers

If you have any questions about the 2023 WAEC GCE Geography questions and answers, do well to let us know in the comment box.

Last Updated on October 2, 2023 by Admin

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