NECO Geography Questions and Answers 2020/2021 (Essay and Objectives)

NECO Geography Questions and Answers 2020. I will be showing you  NECO Geography objective and theory questions for free. You will also understand how NECO Geography Practical (map reading) questions are set and many more examination details.

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The National Examination Council is an examination body that set questions annually from areas student should, after their studies in the senior secondary school, be able to write and pass without stress.

NECO Geography answers and questions Objectives and Essay will be provided here and the authenticity of this NECO 2020 Geography solutions to questions has been tested and confirmed to be sure.

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NECO Human and Regional Geography Questions and Answers 2020 (EXPO)

The 2020 NECO Geography expo will be posted here today, 24thth November 2020 the NECO Geography examination. Keep checking and reloading this page for the answers.

Today’s NECO Human and Regional Geography Answers:

No (1a)
Optimum population is the number of people that can be supported by available resources in an area, so as to achieve highest possible standard of living. It can also be defined when the available resources is equal to the total number of people in an area.

Overpopulation: This is a type of population when the total population is more than the available resources. Overpopulation brings together of people in an area. Overpopulation creates large labour for industries which in turn brings large market. Overpopulation creates pressure on both national resources and social resources as side effects.

Mortality rate: Mortality rate is also known as death rate which can be defined as the rate which people die in a country. It can be expressed in units of death per 1000 individual per year. High mortality rate will lead to low population while low mortality rate will lead to increase in population

Birth rate : Birth rate is also called natality rate which can be defined as the rate at which children are born or given birth to. High birth rate will lead to increase in human population while low birth rate will lead to decrease in human population.

Population density: It refers to the ratio of total population to total land area. It can also be defined as the number of person per unit area of land per kilometres of land.
Mathematically, Population density = total population/total land area
High population density will promote large labour for industries while low population density will provide low labour force for industries. High population density is attributed to over population while low population density is attributed to optimum or under population.

(i) Unemployment
(ii) Increase in crime rate and social vices like prostitution, kidnapping, robbery
(iii) Traffic congestion in terms of pollution

(i) Creation of more industries and empowerment skills acquisition programme
(ii) Creation of more adequate trained security personnel and relates with technology in terms of CCTV cameras installments in all areas of the city to know everything that is going on 24/7
(iii) Expansion of roads and creation or constructing of new roads to make free and easy flow of motorist

No (2a)
(i) Raw materials for industries: Through ports, raw materials are imported for industries.
(ii) Tourism: Seaports are also centres of Tourist attraction
(iii) Export of goods: Goods produced in Nigeria are exported to other countries through seaport
(iv) Import of goods: Goods produced in other countries are brought into the country through the Seaports.

(i) Lack of natural harbours
(ii) Problem of port congestion
(iii) Inadequate port facilities
(iv) Problems caused by water weeds such as water hyacinths

(i) Modern facilities should be provided
(ii) The seaport should be dredged regularly

(i) Traffic congestions: Cluster of industries leads to congestions in traffic, industries and housing
(ii) Shortage of social amenities: Concentration of industries pave way for shortage of social amenities as a result of competition
(iii) Environmental pollution: It causes environmental pollution due to the presence of so many industries
(iv) Uneven development: The presence of many industries in a particular place causes uneven development especially in areas where industries are not found

(i) Development of rural areas
(ii) Discourage rural-urban migration
(iii) increased production of goods
(iv) Increased earnings for rural dwellers.

No (4a)
(Draw the map well.)

Map reading

(i) Presence of trees makes it difficult for cultivation of food corps like yam, cassava, potatoes which has occupied the meant for this crop cultivation
(ii) Due to presence of tree in rain forest tract encourages lunbreing which in turn leads to soil erosion make it difficult for development of agricultural because erosion is not friendly to agricultural development
(iii) High tall tree shades and guide sunlight which gives chlorophy II to the underneath plant

(i) Iroko
(ii) Obeche
(iii) Mahogany
(iv) White mangrove
(v) African walnut

No (5a)
(i) H.E.P. (hydro electric power) hydro electric power is the generation of electricity from water. This is achieved through damming of rivers and the use of river water to turn or drive turbines. Example of H.E.P generation in Nigeria is kainji dam on river Niger Nigeria
(ii) Coal: A coal fired power station or coal plant is a thermal power station which burns coal to generate electricity, Example can be found in kogi and Enugu State with a capacity of 2000MW with 1000mw in each.
(iii) Gas fired power plant: A gas fired plant is a thermal power station which burns natural gas to generate electricity. Example can be located in Calabar with 561MW, Egbema power plant in Imo state with 338MW and Egbin thermal power station location in Egbin with 1320MW

(i) Inadequate capital to construct and maintain power generation: Due to lack of funding by the federal government to power supply generation it affect the static power supply and makes the power supply in Nigeria to be floating
(ii) Low level of technology: Low level of technology affect power generation in Nigeria due to low level and we are still following manual method that makes it difficult to have static power supply especially in Gaseoline and coal power generation
(iii) Seasonal floating of river: the volume of river water increases during drying season and reduces during drying season makes power generation to be floating in Nigeria.

(i) Proper funding to the generation of power supply in Nigeria by adding good amount of money during budgeting
(ii) There should be adequate and proper skilled labour that can handle and execute power generation in terms of technology. Government should train his personnel technology known how

No (6a)
(i) Increase in Gross national product: Industrial sector through its operations like paying of taxes,increases the earnings accruing to the country
(ii) Diversification of the economy: Industries help to prevent over dependence on only one product
(iii) Infrastructural development: The establishment of an industry in a place stimulate the development of infrastructures roads, pipeborne water, electricity and so on

(i) Shortage of raw materials
(ii) Insufficient capital
(iii) Inadequate power supply
(iv) Shortage of entrepreneur

(i) Good government policies
(ii) Acquisition of skills
(iii) Active government participation
(iv) Incentives to local industries


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NECO Geography OBJ:







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NECO Geography Practical and Essay Answers: (Physical)

Relief; the relief of the mapped area (kashimbila N.W) can be described as follows
(i)A dissected plateaus is found of the north central area of the map which extended to the Central area.
(ii)The eastern , western and southern areas of the mapped area are mainly lowlands with the lowest height of 500m above see level

Drainage pattern; this can be described in the the following ways
(i)the main river is the katsina ala given and other minor ones that empty their water into it e;g mku,agbadi,apipo,abagu,kangi, etc . The direction of flow of river katsina – Ala is from north-west to south – east on the map .
(ii)the drainage pattern of the mapped area is dendritic.

Settlement; the settlement pattern of the mapped area is displeased on scalloped settlement. That is the building are far from each other with few social amenities.

The development of given katsina – ala in these stages there are the youthful and matured and old age stages.
The youthful stage mark the source of river katsina – ala at bamenda highlands with a V-shape valley. The matured stage of the rivers is characterized by meanders and U-shape valley. The old stage leads to the mouth of given katsina – ala (I;e when it empties its water to river benue)

The reasons for the above cycles of development of given katsina – ala are;

(i)Vertical erosion at the youthful stage
(ii)Lateral erosion and transportation at the matured stage
(iii)Deposition of materials at the old age stage.

(i)changing of the seasons not same temperature in different parts of the Earth
(ii)change of the length of the Day and Night during the year
(iii)change of the position of the midday sun and night during the year and in the different parts of the Earth
(iv)Change of the lunar eclipse and marking of the year.

(i)Equinox refers to a day with an equal duration of day and night. We have two equinoxes in a year which are:
-Spring equinox on March 20
-Autumnal equinox on September 22

(i)It could be spring or autumnal.
(ii)It is equal lengths of day and night
(iii)the days and nights are equal

Solstice is refers to a day with either the longest day or the shortest. The two solstices in a year are:
-Winter solstice on December 22
-Summer solstice on June 21

(i)It could be summer or winter
(ii)It is unequal length of day and night
(iii)The days are longer in summer and shorter in winter.

(i)Because the changes in hours of daylight and in temperature caused by
revolution and tilt lead to the yearly change of seasons at middle latitudes. If Earth’s axis were perpendicular to its plane of orbit, seasons would not
occur. In addition, every place on Earth’s surface would experience 12 hours
of daylight and 12 hours of darkness every day. On the other hand, if Earth’s
axis were tilted more than 23.5°, each hemisphere would experience hotter
summers and colder winters.

(ii)Because On the first day of summer, every point on Earth within 23.5° of the
North Pole experiences 24 hours of daylight. The boundary of this region,
at latitude 66.5° N, is the Arctic Circle. On June 21 in the Southern
Hemisphere, every point south of the Antarctic Circle (latitude 66.5° S )
experiences 24 hours of darkness.

(iii)Because The hemisphere tilted toward the sun receives more direct sunlight and
thus has warmer temperatures and longer days. The hemisphere tilted
away from the sun receives indirect sunlight. That hemisphere has cooler
temperatures and shorter days. In other words it changes the summer to be warm and bright and also changes it to be Winter.

Environmental conservation is the practice of us humans saving the environment from the loss of species, and the destruction of the ecosystem, primarily due to pollution and human activities.


(i)Recycling; This is a process by which the life of resource is extended by means of recycling it or reusing it as an input or output. This is applicable only to on-energy resources, since the use of a material as an energy resource results in its useless dissipation into the atmosphere. In other words Reprocessing of unwanted products (e.g. newspapers, scrap metals, glass and sewage etc.).

(ii)Waste Reduction; waste reduction, it will automatically ensure lesser exploitation of resources. Waste reduction can be achieved by appropriately redesigning industrial processes, so that there will be technological efficiency in utilizing the resource and avoidance of waste to the minimum. In other words Further, the waste of one industry can be used as the raw material of another industry.

(iii)Material Substitution: the use of a material resource can be restricted by finding an alternative resource. The problem in this is that many materials have extensive uses and also joint uses. In other words the copper sheet can be substituted by aluminium, which at the same time would reduce demand for soldering agents made from and lead. Aluminium is being extensively substituted for tin, particularly, in the production of metal cans and containers.

(iv)Rewilding; Allowing areas to restore themselves naturally without interference by humans (except possible species reintroduction)

(i)Location; The spatial location of features are defined by coordinates in a specific reference system. In other words they are represented by points, lines or polygons and geometry of the three dimensional representation in space.

(ii)Data Quality; it refers to the credibility and accuracy of the data or more generally how good the data is. In other words quantitative quality relates to measurable components such as spatial accuracy. And the qualitative quality consists of those non-measured components, which usually relates to the entire data set and not to specific objects.

(iii)Generalization; relates to the level of scale and details associated with the object. Objects may be aggregated from larger to lower scale, while the opposite process is very limited. For example, if the countries layer can be aggregated into a states layer but opposite cannot be accomplished without external data.

(iv)Entity versus field based data; The world can be represented as a set of discrete entities such as forests, rivers, roads and buildings.This is refereed to as the Entity based approach. In other words the field-based approach represents the world as a continuous function with attributes that vary in space. Natural phenomena such as air pollution distribution and terrain may be the best represented using this approach.

(i)It has the ability of improving the organizational integration. GIS would then integrate software, hardware and also data in order to capture, analyse, manage and so display all forms of information being geographically referenced.

(ii)GIS would also allow viewing, questioning, understanding, visualizing and interpreting the data into numbers of ways which will reveal relationships, trends and patterns in the form of globes, maps, charts and reports.

(i)GIS technology might be considered as expensive software.

(ii)It as well requires enormous data inputs amount that are needed to be practical for some other tasks and so the more data that is to put in.


The questions below are not exactly 2020 NECO Geography questions and answers but likely NECO Geography repeated questions and answers.

These questions are strictly for practice. The 2020 NECO Geography expo will be posted on this page on the day of the NECO Geography examination. Keep checking and reloading this page for the answers.

1. a) Highlight any three main characteristics of each of the following settlement types:
i) village;
ii) town.

b) State any four factors which are responsible for the growth of urban centres.

2. a) Define the following population terms:
i) census;
ii) mortality rate;

b) family planning.Outline any three problems confronting a country that is overpopulated.

c) Highlight any three ways by which the problem of overpopulation can be solved.

3. Write a geographical description of Chad Basin under the following:

a) relief and drainage;
b) people, population and settlement;
c) economic activities;
d) problems of development.

4. (a) Draw an outline map of Africa. On the map, show and name:
(i) any three rivers important for generating hydroelectricity;
(ii) any two dams on two of the rivers.

(b) Outline any five benefits of hydroelectric power to the people of Africa.

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How To Pass NECO Geography Examination

The National Examination Council (NECO) is a body in charge of the Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination. The Certificate offered here is a very important credential that awards or certify the completion of your Secondary School Education.

It is a major document that qualifies you into any tertiary institution and equally a major factor affecting admission today.

For this reason, every Student preparing for this examination NECO 2020 is preparing for something great.

Care should be taken when participating in this examination in other not to come out with bad grades. The following are the key answers to  NECO Geography 2020.

1. Be Determined to Pass

The NECO 2020 Geography is mainly for those who have made up their mind to pass it with a good grade.

Any candidate who, at this point in time, has not made up his or her mind to make the excellent grade in the forthcoming NECO 2020 Geography is actually not ready to pass.

Your mind should be ready for the task ahead, do not follow lazy friends who believe in a miracle on the day of the exams, stay positive and study your books.

2. Have self-confidence

Self-confidence is another factor that affects a candidate’s performance. Promise to do it all by yourself and everything will come out very simple for you.

It is a well-known fact that many students cancel the right answers just to copy the wrong ones because of a lack of self-confidence. Study and pray hard and you are the miracle for the day.

3. Start Studying Early

Studying is very important in your life as a student. NECO is a very simple Exam to deal with as long as studies are involved. Studying is one thing and studying on time is another thing entirely.

Do not wait for the NECO 2020 Geography exams to be so close before you start studying for it. Late preparation will not really help you. When you start studying early there will be time for you to revise before the exams.

2. Make Use the NECO 2020 Syllabus

Using the NECO 2020 syllabus is very essential as it will guide you on major topics to cover. Studying without the Syllabus will make you focus on unnecessary topics that will not appear in the exams.

Also, most of the Geography topic you have not done in class are there in the NECO syllabus.

3. Pray to God Your creator

Many think that they can do it all alone without God. The Almighty God is your creator, seek His assistance and He will never fail to help you. Your faith in God determines your success. God is there for you, call upon Him.

4. Adhere to exams instructions.

Any student who is not ready to adhere to the examination conducts is planning to fail. The majority of NECO Candidates that have their result held are from those that were not ready to follow the Exam instructions.

5. Use Your Time Wisely.

It is a well-known fact that NECO Geography map-reading needs a lot of time, manage the little time given to you wisely. Consider the number of questions you are to answer and the time given so that you can time wisely.

6. Be punctual to the examination venue

Punctuality matters during the exams. Go to the exam venue early so that your brain can settle for the task. Rushing to the exam hall will make you unstable for the exam and can prone you to so many mistakes.

Take time to go through the exam question paper before you start answering. NECO Geography Questions and Answers

If you have any questions about the 2020 NECO Geography questions and answers, do well to let us know in the comment box.

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8 Comments on “NECO Geography Questions and Answers 2020/2021 (Essay and Objectives)”

  1. In d first place I want to thank, dis Page and d administrator , for d help , cos it’s been very useful to me , and I also pray dat for d next year candidates should be useful as well thanks .

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