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WAEC Fishery Questions and Answers 2023/2024 (Essay and Objectives)

WAEC Fishery Questions and Answers 2023I will be showing you WAEC Fishery objective and theory repeated questions for free. You will also understand how WAEC Fishery questions are set and many more examination details.

The West African Examination Council (WAEC) is an examination body in Nigeria that conducts the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination and the General Certificate in Education in May/June and November/December respectively.

WAEC Fishery Objectives and Essay Answers 2023

WAEC 2023 Fishery answers will be posted here during the examination.

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Note: The answers below are for 2022

No (1ai)

Feeding regime comprises of the time fishes are fed including the proportion or quantity of feed given/dispensed in relation to their body weight. It also includes the frequency of feeding.


(i) Broadcasting method

(ii) Automated method

(iii) Spot method


(i) BROADCASTING: It ensures wide spread distribution of feed

(ii) AUTOMATED: There is less wastage of feed/proper feed utilisation

(iii) SPOT: It can aid fish pilferage.


Monoculture: This is the type of aquaculture that involves stocking a single species of fish in the same rearing facility at a given time.


Polyculture: This is the type of aquaculture that involves the stocking of more than one species of fish in the same rearing facility at a given time.


Integrated fish farming: This is the culture of fish together with crops or animals at the same time in the same farm.




(i) It leads to specialization in the production of a specie

(ii) It is easy to monitor individual fish species performance/growth

(iii) There is no undue competition among the fish for space and feed

(iv) Fish of different ages can be stocked and harvested at different times




(i) It is suitable for extensive fish culture systems

(ii) It is easy to raise many fish species

(iii) It is less labour intensive

(iv) farmer is insured against total loss of fish stocked

(v) It is used to control prolific breeding habits

(vi) It allows for higher fish production

(vii) It reduces pollution as different fish species feed on waste and algae

(viii) It allows for better utilization of space


Integrated fish farming:


(i) Provides multiple sources of income

(ii) Minimizes cost of production

(iii) Results in optimum utilization of resources such as labour, capital and farmland

(iv) Provides multiple food products from the same farm

(v) It helps in energy conservation by utilizing waste from other enterprises

(vi) Farmer is insured against total loss of income/resources

(4a)(i) Light penetrates only a short distance, and photosynthesis is reduced(ii) Oxygen production during the daytime is relatively small.(iii) Both the growth of the fish and of their natural food organisms can be badly affected.(iv) It can affect fish directly by injuring their breathing organs(v) It lowers production rate

Inbreeding is the mating of fish more closely related than the population average.

(i) Rrapid growth potential
(ii) Higher resistance to dissolved oxygen deficiency and adverse water quality
(iii) Strong appetite
(iv) Omnivorous feeding regime.


2022 WAEC Fisheries (Essay & OBJ) Answers [19th May]

Partial harvesting: This can be done when bigger fish are removed to allow smaller ones space to grow before total harvesting.

Total harvesting: This is carried out at the end of a production cycle or in cases of emergency like diseases outbreak.

(5a)(i) Angling(ii) Noodling(iii) Flounder tramping(iv) Spearfishing
(5b)(i)Epsom salts (Magnesium sulfate)(ii) Limestone (Calcium carbonate)(iii)Use of chemical additives(iv)Pond filtration
(5c)(i)Open pond method(ii) The ‘Hapa’ Method(iii)Production of All-Male Fingerlings(iv)Hormonal Sex Reversal
(5di)(i) Fish Liver Oil (ii) Fish Body Oil (iii) Fish Silage
(5dii)(i) It prevent the blood from clotting.(ii)Slow the development of plaque in the arteries(iii)It’s used as an ingredient in animal feed, and is treated separately from fish meal due mainly to differences in the production process.
(5e)(i) Needles(ii) Fishing Twine (6a)(i)Too many fish will use up all the dissolved oxygen in the water.(ii)Too many fish will produce too much ammonia. (iii)Too much nitrate might lower fish immune system. (iv)Algae boom from too many nutrients (v)Fish might get stressed when there is not enough swimming room (vi)Fish might get aggressive if there are too many fish in one tank. (vii)An overstocked fish tank will cost more to maint



Capture fisheries is exploitation of aquatic organisms without stocking the seed.


Culture fisheries is the cultivation of selected fishes in confined areas with utmost care to get maximum yield.


(i)rapid growth potential,

(ii)higher resistance to dissolved oxygen deficiency and adverse water quality,

(iii)strong appetite,

(iv)omnivorous feeding regime.


(i)Fish net





(vi)Fishing rods


(i)Healthy source of protein ·

(ii)Used for non-food products ·

(iii)Jobs creation

(iv)Development of the agricultural part of the economy.


(i)poor fish farming methods,

(ii)inadequate technical capabilities and skills,

(iii)high cost of fish feeds,

(iv)low financing of fish farming projects by deposit money banks,

(v)inadequate storage and processing facilities,

(vi)poor quality of brood stock,

flooding and.

(vii)market failures.


See: WAEC Animal Husbandry Answers

Today’s WAEC Fishery (Alternative B) Answers (Essay)

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WAEC Fishery Essay And Objective 2023 (EXPO)

The questions below are the WAEC 2023 Fishery Practice Questions. Go through them and be ready to score high in your WAEC 2023 Fishery Examination.

PAPER 1 (Objective)
1. A fish which has no scales but has barbells is
A. tilapia.
B. tuna.
C. clarias.
D. croaker.

2. Integrated fish farming involves the culture of fish with
I. Rice
II. Pig
III. Duck
A. I and II only.
B. I and III only.
C. II and III only.
D. I, II and III.

3. An example of fish which can be cultured in ponds is
A. clarias.
B. tuna.
C. bonga.
D. synodontis.

4. The optimum water quality range for Dissolved Oxygen in a fish pond is
A. 3.0 – 5.0 mg/l.
B. 5.0 – 8.0 mg/l.
C. 8.0 – 11.0 mg/l.
D. 11.0 – 14.0 mg/l.

5. The following are fishing gear except
A. scoop net.
B. hook and line.
C. dug-out canoe.
D. fishing spear.

PAPER 2 (Essay)

(1) (a) (i) Define the term fisheries.
(ii) Explain the two sub-divisions of fisheries.
(b) List five materials used in constructing a set net and state one use of each.
(c) Differentiate between intensive and extensive management systems of aquaculture.
(1b) (a) (i) What is capture fisheries?
(ii) Describe three methods used in capturing fish.
(b) (i) State five ways in which fisheries is important to the economy of your country.
(ii) State four common fishery organisms in your country.

(2) (a)(i) State five qualities of culturable fish species.
(ii) List four culturable fish species.
(b)(i) Explain the term fish culture facility.
(ii) List six facilities for culturing fish.
(c) Mention three fish preservation methods.

The above questions are not exactly 2023 WAEC Fishery questions and answers but likely WAEC Fishery repeated questions and answers.

These questions are for practice. The 2023 WAEC Fishery expo will be posted on this page during the WAEC Fishery examination. Keep checking and refreshing this page for the answers.

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Tips on How to Pass WAEC Fishery Questions

Have a Target and Work Towards Actualizing it 

You have decided to pass WAEC Fishery 2023 and I am sure of that. Now, the next thing you should do is set targets.

You have told yourself, “I will score A in WAEC Fishery 2023”, that’s not all. You need to plan on how to make it happen. Create a timetable and master plan to achieve your goals.

 Get the Recommended Textbook on Fishery  for 2023 WAEC Examination

Normally, WAEC recommends books for the examination. But apart from WAEC Literature in English where certain novels are compulsory, you are free to use any good Fishery textbook to prepare for WAEC 2023 exam.

Some textbooks are more difficult to understand. If you have any topic you are finding difficult to understand, then get a textbook that will simplify the topics and make life better for you.

 Do not Skip Fishery Examples and Exercise you Will Come Across While Reading: 

Many candidates are fond of skipping exercises and even examples while studying textbooks. In fact, we like notebooks so much that we could ask, “Can I read my notebook and pass WAEC Fishery 2023?” Don’t be scared of attempting exercises in Animal Husbandry. Face the challenges.

If you have any questions about WAEC Fishery Questions and Answers, feel free to ask through the comment session and we shall answer you within the shortest possible time.

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Last Updated on May 4, 2023 by Admin

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29 thoughts on “WAEC Fishery Questions and Answers 2023/2024 (Essay and Objectives)”

  1. please post 2022 waec fisherie question and answer am writing fisherie tomorrow thank you

  2. Is this question and answer espo for 2022 to 2023 fishery waec true or false is correct


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