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WAEC Agric Questions and Answers 2023/2024 (Essay and Objectives)

WAEC Agric Questions and Answers 2023I will be showing you WAEC Agric Science objective and theory repeated questions for free. You will also understand how WAEC Agriculture questions are set and many more examination details.

The West African Examination Council (WAEC) is an examination body in Nigeria that conducts the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination and the General Certificate in Education in May/June and November/December respectively.

WAEC Agricultural Science Objectives and Essay Answers

The WAEC Agric Answers will be posted here on 18th May during the exam

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OBJ Answers








Credit in agricultural finance involves the provision of loans that must be repaid by borrowers, while subsidies are grants or direct payments provided by the government to support specific agricultural objectives without the requirement of repayment.


Credit is a situation whereby sellers allow buyers to take possession of goods and services and pay later while subsidy is a situation whereby part of the money a buyer is meant to pay for good is paid for by the government



(i) Fertilizers

(ii) Seeds

(iii) Livestock feed

(iv) Research and development

(v) Crop insurance

(vi) Training and Education

(vii) Agricultural machinery

(viii) Energy

(ix) Pesticides and Herbicides

(x) Labour



(i) Tire Inspection

(ii) Regular oil changes

(iii) Belt inspection and adjustment

(iv) Hydraulic system maintenance

(v) Fuel filter replacement

(vi) Greasing and lubrication of moving parts

(vii) Cleaning and replacing air filters

(viii) Inspecting and tightening bolts and connections



(i) Read and understand the operator’s manual

(ii) Wear appropriate protective gear

(iii) Conduct pre-operation checks

(iv) Always check the water level

(v) Avoid loose clothing and jewelry

(vi) Use safety guards and shields

(vii) Clear the work area

(viii) Follow safe refueling practices like turning off the machinery before refueling


Agricultural ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between agricultural systems and the surrounding natural environment, including the ecological processes, relationships, and dynamics within agricultural landscapes


Agricultural ecology focuses on understanding the ecological principles and dynamics involved in agricultural systems, including the interactions between crops, livestock, soil, water, climate, pests, and beneficial organisms, and how these interactions influence sustainability, productivity, and environmental impacts.


Agricultural ecology explores the ecological interactions and feedbacks between agricultural components (such as crops, livestock, and farming practices) and the surrounding ecological factors (such as soil, climate, water, and biodiversity), with the goal of promoting ecological sustainability, biodiversity conservation, and the efficient use of resources in agricultural systems.



An ecosystem is a dynamic and interconnected system that includes cultivated crops, livestock, soil, water resources, and the associated biological, physical, and chemical processes within a farming environment.


An ecosystems refer to the managed ecosystems in which agricultural activities take place, involving the interactions between crops, animals, farmers, and the surrounding environment, including soil, water, air, and biodiversity.


An ecosystems can be defined as the integrated systems of crops, livestock, and their environment, encompassing the interactions and interdependencies between agricultural components, natural resources, and human management practices.


An ecosystem refers to the complex interaction between living organisms, including plants, animals, and microorganisms, and the physical environment in which they exist within the context of agriculture



(i) crops

(ii) livestocks

(iii) soil microorganisms

(iv) insects

(v) Birds

(vi) Earthworms



(i) Soil

(ii) Air

(iii) Water

(iv) Temperature

(v) Rock and Minerals

(vi) Sunlight

(vii) Topoghraphy



(i) Ensure that the storage area is clean, dry, and free from pests or any sources of contamination.

(ii) Use high-quality, airtight bags or containers specifically designed for grain storage.

(iii) Maize should be properly dried before storage to prevent spoilage.

(iv) Install ventilation systems or place the bags in a way that allows air to circulate freely,in order to reduce the risk of moisture buildup.

(v) Implement effective pest control measures to avoid infestations.

(vi) Avoid exposure to extreme heat or direct sunlight.

(vii) Regularly inspect the stored maize for any signs of spoilage, mold, or pest activity.

(viii) Stack the bags of maize properly, ensuring that they are stable and not prone to collapsing.



(i) Rose

(ii) Hibiscus

(iii) Sunflower

(iv) Tulip

(v) Lily

(vi) Dahlia

(vii) Iris


(i) Clearing

(ii) Tillage

(iii) Ridging

(iv) Planting



(i) It serves as food

(ii) It can be utilized as a source of animal feed

(iii) Cassava tubers can be processed into various food products

(iv) Cassava plants are utilized in certain regions for their ability to improve soil fertility, control erosion, and prevent nutrient depletion.

(v) In some traditional medicinal practices, cassava tubers and leaves are used for their potential therapeutic properties

(vi) Cassava starch can be used to produce biodegradable packaging materials

(vii) Cassava tubers have industrial applications in various sectors like in the textile industry for sizing fabrics and improving their quality.


Expected number of yam plants = Number of planting spots per hectare * Total area of the farmland

Expected number of yam plants = 10,000 * 1.5 = 15,000

Therefore, the expected number of yam plants on the 1.5 hectares of farmland would be 15,000 plants.


Total weight = Expected number of yam plants * Average weight of each yam tuber

Total weight = 15,000 * 3.5 kg = 52,500 kg

Therefore, the total weight of the yam tubers harvested on the 1.5 hectares of farmland would be 52,500 kilograms (or 52.5 metric tons).


Diet refers to the overall composition and combination of feeds and ingredients that an animal consumes over a certain period WHILE a ration, on the other hand, is a specific amount or quantity of feed that is provided to an animal during a single feeding event or within a specific time period, typically a day.

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Paper 1 (Objective)

1. The device which helps to regulate heat in an incubator is the
A. thermometer.
B. hygrometer.
C. insulator.
D. thermostat.

2. Which of the following statements about crop production is
Not correct?
A. Onions are commonly grown in the rainforest zones.
B. Yam, cocoyam and cassava are grown in both the rainforest and the savanna regions.
C. Some foreign vegetable crops are grown in and around urban centres.
D. Carrots are commonly grown in the savanna and moist vegetation belts.

3. Which of the following is a disadvantage of surface irrigation?
A. The quantity of water lost is high.
B. Water is evenly distributed over the farmland
C. It is very cheap to operate.
D. The system is suitable for paddy rice cultivation.

4. Fine soil tilth is produced by the use of
A. Harrow.
B. Plough.
C. Ridger.
D. Mower.

5. The problems of farm mechanization in West Africa include the following
A. reduction of farm drudgery.
B. small farm holdings.
C. poverty of farmers.
D. poor topography.

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See: WAEC Timetable

WAEC Agric Science Essay Questions and Answers 2023

Past Questions and Answers that may be repeated

Paper 2 (Essay)

(1)(a) Explain each of the following terms as used in animal production:
(i) Dipping;
(ii) Dry cow;
(iii) Culling;
(iv) Quarantine
(b) Describe the life cycle of roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides)
(c) Explain the term farm mechanization.
(d) Name four tractor coupled implements

(2)(a) State six limitations of farm mechanization in West Africa.
(b) Suggest six ways of encouraging farm mechanization in West Africa.
(c) List four methods of identification in cattle management.
(d) What is debeaking in poultry management?

(3)(a) Mention two processes that release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere
(b) Name four storage pests of crops
(c) State two functions of Potassium in crops.
(d) List three ways by which each of the following biotic factors affects agricultural production:
(i) parasites;
(ii) Soil organisms.
(e) State four advantages of zero tillage.

WAEC Agric Essay and Objective 2023 (EXPO)

The above questions are not exactly 2023 WAEC Agriculture questions and answers but likely WAEC Agric repeated questions and answers.

These questions are for practice. The 2023 WAEC Agric expo will be posted on this page 30 minutes before the WAEC Agric Science examination starts. Keep checking and refreshing this page for the answers.

Note: The 2023 WAEC Agric answers will be posted here during the WASSCE Agric Exam. Keep checking and reloading this page to know when the answers are posted. Do not forget to reload this page in order to see the answers.

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Tips on How to Pass WAEC Biology Questions

Have a Target and Work Towards Actualizing it 

You have decided to pass WAEC Agric 2023 and I am sure of that. Now, the next thing you should do is set targets.

You have told yourself, “I will score A in WAEC Agric Science 2023”, that’s not all. You need to plan on how to make it happen. Create a timetable and master plan to achieve your goals.

 Get the WAEC Recommended Textbook on Agricultural Science for 2023 WAEC Examination

Normally, WAEC recommends books for the examination. But apart from WAEC Literature in English where certain novels are compulsory, you are free to use any good Agriculture textbook to prepare for WAEC 2023 exam.

Some textbooks are more difficult to understand. If you have any topic you are finding difficult to understand, then get a textbook that will simplify the topics and make life better for you.

Do not Skip Agriculture Examples and Exercises you Will Come Across While Reading: 

Many candidates are fond of skipping exercises and even examples while studying textbooks. In fact, we like notebooks so much that we could ask, “can I read my notebook and pass WAEC Agric 2023?” Don’t be scared of attempting exercises in Agric. Face the challenges.

If you have any questions about WAEC Agric Questions and Answers, feel free to ask through the comment session and we shall answer you within the shortest possible time.

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Last Updated on May 18, 2023 by Admin

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65 thoughts on “WAEC Agric Questions and Answers 2023/2024 (Essay and Objectives)”

  1. Please I need General Agriculture Essay questions and answers

  2. Please the theory questions to the 2022 bece past question in agric section2 and 3 is yet to be seen ooh???


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