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WAEC GCE Government Questions and Answers 2023/2024 (Essay and Objectives)

WAEC GCE Government Questions and Answers 2023Welcome to 2023 WAEC Government Questions and Answers. You will find WAEC GCE Government Objective Answers, WAEC Government Essay 2023, WAEC GCE 2023 Government, and the tips you need to pass your WAEC GCE Government examination with ease.

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WAEC GCE Government Questions and Answers 2023 (Expo)

The 2023 WAEC GCE Government expo will be posted here during the WAEC GCE Government examination. Keep checking and reloading this page for the answers.

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Note: The answers below were for 2022


(i)Transparency; in government refers to the principle of sharing information openly with the public and other relevant agencies. Increasing inter-agency transparency is a great strategy for improving government performance.

(ii)Accountability; is all about taking responsibility for your actions. In other words, it helps improve government performance in the long-term. Accountability tends to create a sense of competence and ownership, which can go a long way to boost employee morale and commitment.

(iii) Capacity building; refers to the processes institutions apply to develop and strengthen their knowledge and skills to perform their jobs competently and thrive in various disciplines. To improve government performance, one needs to create sustainable institutions by increasing capacity building.

(iv)Incentives; opportunities and reward systems for government workers as well as contractors can help boost performance incredibly. If you give employees various incentives for good performance, they are more likely to work their socks off as they strive to maintain the high levels of productivity and service delivery.

(v)Technology; We are living in an era where technology has a big say on performance. Various technological tools and applications have made it easier for government workers to execute previously complex tasks quickly and efficiently.

(vi)Political goodwill; is vital as most governmental agencies, particularly in developing countries, often work at the behest of the executive. The political leadership needs to collaborate with all stakeholders in the various agencies to overcome inherent obstacles and guarantee a suitable work environment for all.


(i)Legislative or Law-Making: The first and foremost function of a legislature is to legislate i.e. to make laws. In ancient times, laws used to be either derived from customs, traditions and religious scriptures, or were issued by the kings as their commands. However, in the contemporary era of democracy, legislature is the chief source of law.

(ii)Deliberative : To deliberate upon matters of national importance, public issues, problems and needs is an important function of a modern legislature. Through this function, the legislature reflects the public opinion over various issues.

(iii)Custodian of National Finances: A near universal rule is that “the legislature of the state is the custodian of the national purse.” It holds the purse of the nation and controls the finances. No money can be raised or spent by the executive without the approval of the legislature. Each year the executive has to prepare and get passed from the legislature the budget for the coming financial year.

(iv)Control over the Executive: A modern legislature has the power to exercise control over the executive. In a parliamentary system of government, for all its actions, decisions, and policies, the executive is collectively responsible before the legislature.

(v)Constituent; In almost every state in many countries, it is the legislature which has the power to amend the constitution. For this purpose, the legislature has to pass special laws, called amendments, in accordance with the procedure laid down in the Constitution.


(i)Africa as Centre-piece: Nigeria has been consistent with this policy of Africa being the centre-piece of her foreign policy. The role Nigeria is playing in her membership of OAU and ECOWAS, such as giving of aids and assistance in financial terms, formation of ECOMOG, its role as a frontline state, etc, are facts supporting the above claim.

(ii) Respecting the principles governing international bodies: Nigeria has accepted to be a member of some of the global/regional organisations, thereby respecting the principles governing them, for example the U.N.O, Commonwealth, OAU, etc.

(iii)Promotion of World peace and Security: This is done in line with the objectives of U.N.O. Nigeria has been involved in peace-keeping operations globally and creation of pan-African defence force: This will help in making Africa to be strategically self-relia.

(iv)Friendly relations: Nigeria has established friendly and diplomatic relations with member states of O.A.U and Non-interference in the domestic affairs of other States: Nigeria is respecting this objective, in line with the principles of the U.N.O, OAU, etc. In other words Non- Alignment Nigeria is keeping faith with the principles of Non-Alignment which states that member states should not support the ideological stance of the power blocs.

(v)Economic Cooperation: Nigeria took active part in the formation of ECOWAS. This was done to encourage economic co-operation and self-reliance among people of the sub-region. and the Unity and Solidarity Nigeria is at the forefront of promoting unity and solidarity among African States. In other words Sub-Regional disputes  Nigeria is playing an active role in the settlement of disputes and also in conflict mediation in Africa. For example, the formation of ECOMOG was directed towards that end in the sub-region.



(i) The constitution is written in a single document

(ii) It is a federal constitution

(iii) It has a bicameral legislature at the federal level

(iv) It identifies the state and the people for which the constitution was made (Nigerians and Nigeria)

(v) It has a rigid procedure for amendments

(vi) It provides for 36 states and 744 Local Governments in Nigeria and the procedure for creating new ones



(i) The Constitution promotes the oneness and unity of the country

(ii) Its provisions help in the economic and political development of the country

(iii) It marks the beginning of the fourth republic

(iv) It stipulates the requirements for identifying or acquiring Nigerian citizenship.

(v) It provides for good relations between Nigeria and the international communities

GCE Gov. OBJ Answers: Loading…



The questions below are strictly for practice.

  1. A government performs the following function except (a) safeguarding life and property (b) maintaining law and order (c) providing all the needs of its citizen (d) providing basic welfare needs.
  2. The basic purpose of setting up a state is to (a) maintain law and order (b) protect foreign interest (c) promote development (d) provide social facilities.
  3. A political system in which government controls every aspect of citizen’s life is (a) feudalism (b) monarchy (c) democracy (d) totalitarianism
  4. A political system in which the state owns and control the major means of production is known as (a) feudalism (b) socialism (c) fascism (d) capitalism
  5. Communist governments aim at distributing goods and services according to (a) gender and class (b) loyalty to the party (c) need and ability (d) work and residence
  6. The theory of separation of powers is associated with (a) Jean Bodin (b) Baron de Montesquieu (c) A. V. Dicey (d) J. J. Rousseau
  7. The process of taking part in the selection of leaders in a country in political (a) socialization (b) participation (c) interaction (d) culture
  8. By comparison, a state is (a) less permanent than a government (b) more permanent than a government (c) more changeable than a government (d) equally permanent with a government
  9. In modern democracies, a government is (a) a contract between the rules and the ruled (b) a preserve of the political party in power (c) monopoly of the ethnic groups in the majority (d) alternation of power between the majority and minority tribes
  10. Rule of law can be limited by (a) power (b) state of emergency (c) legitimacy (d) checks and balance
  11. The principles of separation of powers become meaningful when it is linked with the concept of (a) certainty of the law (b) checks and balances (c) legality of the law (d) judicial independence
  12. Which of the following factors does not militate against the representative government in West Africa? (a) Electoral irregularities (b) Coup d’etat (c) Gagged media (d) Universal adult suffrage
  13. Those who believe in democracy and good governance are opposed to a single party system because it (a) Encourages weak leadership (b) does not ensure national unity (c) curtails personal liberty  (d) encourages divisiveness
  14. The fundamental law of a country refers to its (a) acts of parliament (b) conventions (c) constitution (d) judicial precedence
  15. A country’s constitution could be derived from the following sources except (a) judicial precedents (b) customary sources (c) statutory sources (c) patty manifesto
  16. Planning and formulation of government policies are first initiated at (a) cabinet meetings (b) media houses (c) political rallies (d) open forum
  17. Which of the following is the primary function of parliament? (a) impeachment of the president (b) making of laws (c) ratifying international treaties (d) acting as an electoral college
  18. Judicial review is a mechanism for checking (a) arbitrary use of power (b) irresponsible journalism (c) electoral malpractices (d) military revenues
  19. In a parliamentary system of government, the legislature and executive and fused to ensure (a) supremacy of the ruling party in administering the state (b) smoothness in the administration of the state (c) the constitution is read in parliament at all times (d) the judiciary consults parliament before ruling on cases
  20. A country with homogeneous societies and a small population is suitable for the establishment (a) a nation state (b) a unitary state (c) a federal state (d) an autonomous state
  21. Which of the following factors usually leads to the collapse of a confederal state? (a) Weak central government (b) Absence of a confederal parliament (c) III-equipped armed forces (d) absence of a ceremonial Head of State
  22. In the presidential system of government, the chief executive is responsible to the (a) Judiciary (b) monarch (c) electorate (d) senate
  23. Which of the following alternatives is a feature of a federation? (a) Unwritten constitution (b) Unicameral Legislature (c) Supremacy of the constitution (d) right to secede
  24. A federal government is a form of (a) decentralization (b) centralization (c) confederation (d) revolution
  25. To preserve individual liberties, the judiciary should (a) consist of hones and impartial judges (b) be appointed by the executive (c) be prosecuted for judgment against the executive (d) participate in partisan politics.


WAEC GCE Government Essay 2023

The above questions are not exactly 2023 WAEC Government questions and answers but likely WAEC Government repeated questions and answers.

These questions are for practice. The 2023 WAEC GCE Government expo will be posted on this page during the WAEC GCE Government examination. Keep checking and refreshing this page for the answers.

WAEC GCE Government Questions and Answers 2023 Loading…

If you have any questions about the WAEC GCE Government questions and answers, kindly drop your question in the comment box.

Last Updated on October 2, 2023 by Admin

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15 thoughts on “WAEC GCE Government Questions and Answers 2023/2024 (Essay and Objectives)”

  1. Please can you give out answers for government before the exam start pls

  2. Please when will you post the questions and answers.

  3. Please what are you waiting for ooooo I’m in need of answer ooooo please ooooooo
    God no-go shame us

  4. Please can you give out answers for government before the exam start

    • capitalism is also known as free enterprise and it is when means of production, distribution and exchange are vested in the citizens who derive profit.


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