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WAEC GCE Government Questions and Answers 2021/2022 (Essay and Objectives)

WAEC GCE Government Questions and Answers 2021Welcome to 2021 WAEC Government Questions and Answers. You will find WAEC GCE Government Objective Answers, WAEC Government Essay 2021, WAEC GCE 2021 Government and the tips you need to pass your WAEC GCE Government examination at ease.

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WAEC GCE Government Questions and Answers 2020 (Expo)

The 2021 WAEC GCE Government expo will be posted here during the WAEC GCE Government examination. Keep checking and reloading this page for the answers.

WAEC GCE Nov./ Dec. 2021 Government Answers Loading...


Today’s GCE Government Answers:

Sovereign state is a political entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area. International law defines sovereign states as having a permanent population, defined territory, one government and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states.

(i) Population: There is no state without a population. Population is a key element of any state, it refers to the number of people within a state. Simply put, it is impossible to have a state without population.

(ii) Territory: There cannot be a state that has no territory, which is separated from other states. The boundaries between states should be guarded well to prevent international interference and keep the states sovereign. Territories of states have precise boundaries on the map.

(iii) Permanence: The state is always permanent, no matter what the government is and how it changes with time. Permanence is the factor that helps the state develop in its own independent way.

(iv) Recognition: The territory that’s called a state should be recognized by other states and all the existing international organizations. The international recognition prevents the breaking out of wars, violation of boundaries, and other interference in the life of the state.


(i) Pressure groups are a vital link between the government and the
governed. They keep governments more responsive to the wishes of the community, especially in between

(ii) Pressure groups are able to express the views of minority groups in the
community who might not otherwise receive a hearing.

(iii) Pressure groups are able to use their expertise to provide the government with important information. This has often been the argument in relation
to motoring organisations such as the RACQ. It is also applicable to issues
such as Indigenous reconciliation.

(iv) Pressure groups offer an alternative source of advice to the government, separate from that coming from the Public Service.

(v) Pressure groups generally promote opportunities for political participation for citizens, without the need to join a political party. Moreover, they allow for the
democratic rights of freedom of speech, assembly and association to
be upheld.


(i) Igbo political system was acephalous. There was no specific head in most of the Igbo communities. Whereas, Yoruba political system was monocephalous. Each Yoruba community had a head An Oba or a Baale.

(ii) Igbo people adopted gerontocracy as the Council of Elders effectively took up the functions of managing the affairs of the state while monarchy was in place among Yoruba people.

(iii) In Yoruba, being a monarchy, the leadership transition was through heredity. Most times, a child of the deposed, abdicated or dead Oba succeeded him. Whereas, Igbo system was typically Republican. Neither Ofo nor Ozo title was attained through heredity, but through age and wealth.

(iv) Igbo political system emphasized egalitarianism, age and persuasions While Yoruba political system was characterized by political power, legitimacy and check and balances.

(v) Communities in Igbo were totally autonomous While many Yoruba kingdoms regarded Oyo as their political headquarters.


(i) The executive council known as the Council of Ministers consisted of the Governor-General, three official members, three Ministers from each region and one member from Southern Cameroon.

(ii) The executive council in Northern Region was made up of three ex – officio members and thirteen ministers of who eight were charged with responsibilities.

(iii) The post of a speaker and deputy speaker were created in the Eastern and Western regions. The House of Assembly in the Eastern Region has no official or special members.

(iv) Members of the House of representative were elected from the regions on direct election. The Northern Region had ninety-two; Southern Cameroon six and Lagos two members.

(v) Members of the House of representative were made up of 184 directly elected members, a speaker and three ex-officio members; the Chief Secretary, Financial Secretary and the Attorney General.

GCE Gov. OBJ Answers: Loading…


Note: The answers below are the Nov./Dec. GCE answers.

No 2

 1 -To Give Justice to the people:

The first and foremost function of the judiciary is to give justice to the people, whenever they may approach it. It awards punishment to those who after trial are found guilty of violating the laws of the state or the rights of the people.

2. Interpretation and Application of Laws:

One of the major functions of the judiciary is to interpret and apply laws to specific cases. In the course of deciding the disputes that come before it, the judges interpret and apply laws.

3- Due to its power of judicial review, it plays an essential role in ensuring that each branch of government recognizes the limits of its own power

4- it protects civil rights and liberties by striking down laws that violate the Constitution

2a) Judicial independence is the concept that the judiciary should be independent from the other branches of government. That is, courts should not be subject to improper influence from the other branches of government or from private or partisan interests

2 (b)

2b) 1 -To Give Justice to the people:

The first and foremost function of the judiciary is to give justice to the people, whenever they may approach it. It awards punishment to those who after trial are found guilty of violating the laws of the state or the rights of the people.

2. Interpretation and Application of Laws:

One of the major functions of the judiciary is to interpret and apply laws to specific cases. In the course of deciding the disputes that come before it, the judges interpret and apply laws.

3- Due to its power of judicial review, it plays an essential role in ensuring that each branch of government recognizes the limits of its own power

4- it protects civil rights and liberties by striking down laws that violate the Constitution

Free press: This is the situation where by the press has the opportunity to freely express its opinion and views on national issues.

(i)Information: this includes all reports, news and happenings concerning the daily life of a state. It does not include any information involving or concerning the pursuit of leisure. But it does cover all news, regarding government, politics, foreign affairs, weather, accident, business, labour, education etc.

(ii)Influence: It means influencing the opinion of the readers through editorials, articles, or certain special features. It also includes editorials, cartoons and comments made on the news and events by the journalists or the editors.

(iii)Entertainment: The other important role of the press is entertainment of the readers. Under this role all types of fiction like comic strips, stories etc. can be included. It also includes the factual material, sports news, theatre reviews and hobby columns which deal with leisure.

(iv)Advertising: This role of the press can very easily be recognised, because it is commercially oriented. Sometimes, the advertisements also have public service messages under the prestigious advertisements regarding family planning, driving safely, child care, healthcare etc.




(i)No opposition: since only one political party is legally and constitutionally allowed to operate, gives no room for opposition

(ii)it is prone to dictatoeship: the system ensures that the opinion of the ruling elite is strictly enforced on the masses

(iii)One one ideology: there is only one ideology and it may not appeal to the generality of the people

(iv)it is undemocratic: the principle of democracy is ignored

(v)Rule of law: the principle of rule of law and the provisions of the constitution may not be respected


(i)Law: Supremacy and existence of law to maintain the rights of individuals and their corresponding obligations.
(ii) Independent Judiciary: Judges must be Fair and impartial in protecting individuals rights against invasion by private individuals or government.
(iii)Democracy: Democracy in modern political system permits free discussion and association.


Employment : The Civil service commission is charged with the responsibility for recruiting high-level man-power to the Civil service through competitive examination and oral interviews

2. Promotion : it is the duty of the commission to promote civil servants of top echelon who are due for promotion

3. Dismissal : The commission is empowered to dismiss any civil servant who commits a dismissable offense

4. Efficiency : The commission promotes and maintains efficiency anr integrity of the Civil service

5. Transfer : The transfer of civil servants from one ministry to another within the civil service is done by the civil service commission.

(i)Cultural diversity: It is argued that cultural diversity among ethnic groups in Nigeria make the operation of a federal system possible (over 250 ethnic groups in are Nigeria).

(ii)British Colonial Policy: Britain imposed a federal structure by dividing the territory into regions and ruling them separately .it was the Lyttleton constitution that introduced a federal system to Nigeria in 1954.

(iii)Size of the country: Nigeria is a large country both in population and territory and so federalism is a better option.

(iv)Availability of human resources: Nigeria has enough of these resources to run a federal system.

(v) Geographical factor: Different component units are geographically near to one another making it easier for the adoption of a federal system.


(i)Formation of political party : parties such as NNDP, NCNC, NPC and AG were formed by the nationalist to push for attaining independence

(ii)petitions: the nationalist wrote series of petitions to the secretary of state for colonies in London on issues of pressing concerns

(iii)strike and boycott: the nationalist also organises strikes and boycott to back up their demands

(iv)voting right : the voted in favour of policies favourable to the attainment of self governance

(v)constitutional conference: the nationalist also took part in some of the conferences agitating for self governance. Such as 1953 and 1957


The questions below are strictly for practice.

  1. A government performs the following function except (a) safeguarding life and property (b) maintaining law and order (c) providing all the needs of its citizen (d) providing basic welfare needs.
  2. The basic purpose of setting up a state is to (a) maintain law and order (b) protect foreign interest (c) promote development (d) provide social facilities.
  3. A political system in which government controls every aspect of citizen’s life is (a) feudalism (b) monarchy (c) democracy (d) totalitarianism
  4. A political system in which the state owns and control the major means of production is known as (a) feudalism (b) socialism (c) fascism (d) capitalism
  5. Communist governments aim at distributing goods and services according to (a) gender and class (b) loyalty to the party (c) need and ability (d) work and residence
  6. The theory of separation of powers is associated with (a) Jean Bodin (b) Baron de Montesquieu (c) A. V. Dicey (d) J. J. Rousseau
  7. The process of taking part in the selection of leaders in a country in political (a) socialization (b) participation (c) interaction (d) culture
  8. By comparison, a state is (a) less permanent than a government (b) more permanent than a government (c) more changeable than a government (d) equally permanent with a government
  9. In modern democracies, a government is (a) a contract between the rules and the ruled (b) a preserve of the political party in power (c) monopoly of the ethnic groups in the majority (d) alternation of power between the majority and minority tribes
  10. Rule of law can be limited by (a) power (b) state of emergency (c) legitimacy (d) checks and balance
  11. The principles of separation of powers become meaningful when it is linked with the concept of (a) certainty of the law (b) checks and balances (c) legality of the law (d) judicial independence
  12. Which of the following factors does not militate against the representative government in West Africa? (a) Electoral irregularities (b) Coup d’etat (c) Gagged media (d) Universal adult suffrage
  13. Those who believe in democracy and good governance are opposed to a single party system because it (a) Encourages weak leadership (b) does not ensure national unity (c) curtails personal liberty  (d) encourages divisiveness
  14. The fundamental law of a country refers to its (a) acts of parliament (b) conventions (c) constitution (d) judicial precedence
  15. A country’s constitution could be derived from the following sources except (a) judicial precedents (b) customary sources (c) statutory sources (c) patty manifesto
  16. Planning and formulation of government policies are first initiated at (a) cabinet meetings (b) media houses (c) political rallies (d) open forum
  17. Which of the following is the primary function of parliament? (a) impeachment of the president (b) making of laws (c) ratifying international treaties (d) acting as an electoral college
  18. Judicial review is a mechanism for checking (a) arbitrary use of power (b) irresponsible journalism (c) electoral malpractices (d) military revenues
  19. In a parliamentary system of government, the legislature and executive and fused to ensure (a) supremacy of the ruling party in administering the state (b) smoothness in the administration of the state (c) the constitution is read in parliament at all times (d) the judiciary consults parliament before ruling on cases
  20. A country with homogeneous societies and a small population is suitable for the establishment (a) a nation state (b) a unitary state (c) a federal state (d) an autonomous state
  21. Which of the following factors usually leads to the collapse of a confederal state? (a) Weak central government (b) Absence of a confederal parliament (c) III-equipped armed forces (d) absence of a ceremonial Head of State
  22. In the presidential system of government, the chief executive is responsible to the (a) Judiciary (b) monarch (c) electorate (d) senate
  23. Which of the following alternatives is a feature of a federation? (a) Unwritten constitution (b) Unicameral Legislature (c) Supremacy of the constitution (d) right to secede
  24. A federal government is a form of (a) decentralization (b) centralization (c) confederation (d) revolution
  25. To preserve individual liberties, the judiciary should (a) consist of hones and impartial judges (b) be appointed by the executive (c) be prosecuted for judgment against the executive (d) participate in partisan politics.


WAEC GCE Government Essay 2021

The above questions are not exactly 2021 WAEC Government questions and answers but likely WAEC Government repeated questions and answers.

These questions are for practice. The 2021 WAEC GCE Government expo will be posted on this page 30 minutes before the WAEC GCE Government examination starts. Keep checking and refreshing this page for the answers.

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Last Updated on November 23, 2021 by Admin

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9 thoughts on “WAEC GCE Government Questions and Answers 2021/2022 (Essay and Objectives)”

  1. Please what are you waiting for ooooo I’m in need of answer ooooo please ooooooo
    God no-go shame us

  2. Please can you give out answers for government before the exam start

    • capitalism is also known as free enterprise and it is when means of production, distribution and exchange are vested in the citizens who derive profit.


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