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WAEC Literature In English Questions and Answers 2023/2024 (Theory and Objective)

WAEC Literature in English Questions and Answers 2023. I will be showing you WAEC Literature objective and theory questions for free. You will also understand how WAEC Literature in English questions are set and many more examination details.

The West African Examination Council is an examination body that set questions annually from areas students should, after their studies in senior secondary school, be able to write and pass without stress.

WAEC Literature in English answers and questions Objectives and Essays are dealt with here in detail.

And the authenticity of this WAEC 2023 Literature solutions to questions have been tested and confirmed to be sure.

Scroll to the bottom for today’s answers


WAEC Literature Questions and Answers 2023

2023 Literature answers/expo loading…

Note: The answers below are for 2022







The answers will be posted here today, 16th June during the exam


Cathy is the first daughter of Edgar Linton and daughter of first Catherine. This first Catherine begins her life as Catherine Earnshaw and ends it as Catherine Linton. Cathy is a very curious and mysterious girl. At the age of thirteen, she sneaks out of Wuthering Heights, the house to which she is not allowed to travel because Heathcliff, Edgars enemy resides there. Healthcliff implores Cathy and his son, Linton, to fall in love and marry.

Hareton is the son of Hindley and Frances Earnshaw Hareton is Catherine’s nephew. After Hindley’s death, Heathcliff takes custody of Hareton, and raises him as an uneducated field worker.

The major relationship is show after Linton’s death Cathy and Hareton have a tense relationship. As Heathcliff is dead and Cathy and Hareton now own wuthering heights – free of Heathcliff’s negatively, the love between Cathy and Hareton transform the house when Hareton marries Young Catherine.


Lockwood visits Wuthering Heights again when he became dissatisfied with the household activities done at Grange. This time the weather is cold and ground frozen. He yells at the servant, Joseph to open the door. He meets a young girl in the kitchen and he assumes the lady to be Mrs, Heathcliff. He tries to engage her in a conversation, but she is consistently inhospitable and this embarrasses Lockwood. The lady refuses to make him tea unless Heathcliff orders her to do so. The young man presents too, behaves rudely as he seems to suspect Lockwood making advances at the girl.

When Heathcliff enters and demands tea “savagely” and Lockwood is rudely corrected for mistaking the young girl for Heathcliff’s wife. The girl in question is Heathcliff’s daughter-in-law whose husband is dead. The young man is Hareton Earnshaw. Lockwood requests a guide so he can return home safely, but he’s refused. He is left stranded and ignored by all and when he tries to take a lantern, Joseph accuses him of stealing it, and he sets dogs on him. Hareton and Heathcliff laugh at his humiliation. Then the cook Zillah takes him in and allows him to pass a night

It was on a later visit by Lockwood to withering highly that provides foreshadowing for the end of the novel. Lockwood takes a trip to Wuthering Heights and delivers a note from Ellen to Cathy. Hareton take the note at first but noticing Cathy’s tears, she returns it to her. She in turn treats him coolly and makes fun of his attempt at reading. Embarrassed, Hareton flings his book into the fire.

This is something Heathcliff did not foresee and seem to disturb him. In addition to his memories of his lost love, Heathcliff must also deal with Hareton’s resemblance to his aunt Catherine. These memories worry Heathcliff greatly.


Ras the Extort er (later called Ras the Destroyer)

Ras is a Black Nationalist agitator who considers the black men of the communist party traitors to their race because they are still acting as the white men’s puppets. Ras is an Ethiopia name which means Prince and he is obsessed with the idea of race. As a charismatic leader, he has a kind of God like power in the novel. His guiding philosophy is that blacks should cast off oppression and prejudice by destroying the ability of white men to control them. This philosophy leads to violence and the narrator is opposed to such ideology. The novelist has not in any way portrayed Ras as a villain.

He is depicted as a West Indian and has reminded us of Marcus Garvey, a Jamaican born Black. Nationalist who was influential in 1920s. Like Ras Garvey was a charismatic racial separatist who advocated black pride. Ras is also a visionary leader and a prophet. But because Ras is black, he is perceived as a dangerous militant and rabble-muser whose voice must be silenced. He also possesses powerful oratory skills – he nearly convinces Brother Clifton that he has joined the wrong “Brotherhood” and is selling his people which eventually leads to tragic consequences.

Ras has called his followers to Iynach the narrator as a traitor to the black people and to hang him among the mannequins. But Ras yearns for the narrator’s death, and the narrator runs away.

Res, though a black but he plays a good role in criticizing the odd and wrong done by the blacks to their fellow blacks and thereby trying to promote some good nature and belief of the white.


The narrator’s encounter with Kimbro is seen at the liberty paint plant.

The narrator’s entrance to the paint plant is uneventful as he must cross a bridge in the fog, implying that, he is unable to see out around him. The narrator is sent to Mr. Kimbro who will serve as his boss. This man dishes out instructions and also asks the workers not to ask questions. The narrator’s first job is with the pure white paint the company is known for. When the narrator mixes the wrong ingredient into the paint because he is afraid to ask Kimbro questions, the paint turns a dull grey underneath the white. Kimbro notices the difference and he’s fired from the job and he’s sent to another Boss, Mr. Brockway, who has a position in the basement as a sort of engineer. Brockway bombards the narrator with numerous questions about his past before he gives him a job.

It was after the sacked of the Narrator by Kimbro that he had another bad encounter with his new boss and it was at the point of explanation that the new Boss Brockway who explodes in anger at his participation in a union. Brockway physically attacks him, refusing to listen to his explanation. The narrator becomes enraged and fights off Mr. Brockway, knocking his teeth out. As a result of inattention to the gauges in the room, the pressure goes over the allotted mark, the narrator tries to pull the value back under control all to no avail. The tank bursts and the narrator is knocked unconscious.


Nii decides to take his wife, Massa to the spiritualist home as her sickness persists. The caring powder from the spiritualist only stopped the frequent stooling. The journey to the village is quite tempestuous and tiresome. Massa on her part could not make the journey and she passes out in the vehicle. Nii pleads with the driver to convey them to a nearby hospital for medical attention all to no avail. On getting there, Nii is ushered into an office to pay for service at the hospital mortuary. He is to pay the sum of one hundred cedi for each day and it must be increased if the corpse is kept at the mortuary for more than three days Nii’s mind is occupied with so many things such as; the cost of transporting the corpse, the cost of burial, the coffin, clothing and drinks. Nii left the dead body of massa and traveled.

Mama and Joe haven traced Massa to be the late wife of the brother they both convey Massa’s corpse to Sampa village for burial. The procession to the cemetery is a pleasant one. The people in the town gave them warm welcome and appreciate their efforts in bringing Massa’s dead body home. Mama learnt one thing about Massa, she had been an adopted child and had not visited the village for a long time.

It was at the point, they massa was given a befitting burial.


A good compare in the role played by Adah and Francis can be seen in the marriage and individual roles the both played.

The marriage between Adah and Francis in the prose narrative is dangerously consummated based on what each partner starts to benefit. While Adah is burning with the desire to work hard and contribute financially to her immediate family and her husband, Francis is busy working for a sly way to parasitically benefit from Adah. According to Adah. she is not happy with Ma for marrying again and she sees it as a betrayal of Pa because she is now compelled to make a financial contribution to her family by saving her from the humiliating position, she found herself.

Before long, Adah has been dreaming of marrying early, a rich man who would allow Ma and Boy to come and stay with her, that would solve a lot of problems, but the ones that keep coming her way are quite elderly and she can’t consent to stay with a husband when she will have to treat as a master and refer to as ‘Sir’. even behind her back. This is because the people in Ibuza Community where Adah hails from see marriage as a master-servant union where the woman is subjected to serve the man, gives birth to countless children, and cares for them with little or no assistance from the so-called father rather than being or seen as a partner. Education for a girl-child is off the record because they feel that education makes a woman arrogant and irresponsible. This is the reason why Adah is not registered in any school at a tender age, even when Boy is already in school.

However, Adah decides to settle down with Francis, a young man who is still reading to be an accountant at a very tender age. Francis is poor and just can’t afford to pay five hundred pounds bride price, Ma and other members of the family are asking for as an expensive bride who is college-trained, even though none of them had contributed to her education. And they refuse to attend Adah’s wedding on account of this.

Basically, one cannot say precisely that the union between Adah and Francis is consummated without love as a base, but Francis’s actions and inaction can serve as the testament that such love or marriage is parasitic rather than being symbiotic. It is clear that Adah’s hard work, passion for the family, and her fat salary are the only fuel that oil their love and marriage, as Francis refuses to takes up any job to contribute his quota to the uplift of the family. Francis does nothing to promote the well-being of the family and has no mind of his own. He writes back home often to her parents over issues that can be resolved by both of them. Such a situation occurs when he discovers that Adah has obtained a family-planning method without his consent.

To Francis, a woman in a marriage is a second–class human, to sleep with any time, every day, father numerous children and abandon them and if she refuses, beat her to submission. They are meant to wash clothes and have the man’s meals ready at any nighttime, and there is no need to have an intelligent conversation with her since she is senseless and has no idea what to offer. Her dream of becoming a writer is punctured by Francis who feels that his family won’t be happy if his wife is permitted to write a book.

The only thing that she gets for being the breadwinner of her family is maltreatment, beating, assault, insult, abandonment and rejection. Francis refuses to care about his children, for he also rejects them at the last minutes in court and also wishes them bad when he says “I don’t mind their being sent for adaption” Therefore, the union between Adah and Francis is loveless according to Adah because Francis refuses to see things in her point of view to care and respect the family. Adah vows to do everything to bring up her five children since Francis has refused to contribute to their maintenance before they finally part ways. “The children are mine, and that is enough. I shall never let them down as long as I live” Adah gives a note of assurance.

On that note, Adah is surrounded by a struggle for survival, dreamer and self motivator, she’s also patient and hardworking, while Francis is also a very quite young man and visionless, dogmatic, violent and cannot serve as a role model to his children.


Nweze is the first lawyer in Ibuza, and everyone admires him because he’s someone who has tasted what civilization looks like? This time, the people are set to welcome him home. The women of Ibuza are busy composing and rehearsing songs to welcome him from Wharf. Upon his arrival, it is noticeable that he could not swallow pounded yam anymore, he could not even eat a piece of bone. “The meat they cooked for him has to be stewed for days until it was almost a pulp” One good thing that the people respect him for is the fact that he did not bring a white woman with him like the rest of been-to. All Pa’s friends agree with him that he’s a good man because if he had brought a white woman to Ibuza Oboshi would have sent leprosy on the woman.

Lawyer Nweze is a source of inspiration and motivation for Adah. His personality sparks fire that propels. Adah wants to go to the United Kingdom one day, and she keeps the dream to herself, but her dreams soon assume substance. It lives with her, just like a presence.Adah, as a child, likes to be associated with Lawyer Nweze. She even claims to her schoolmates that Lawyer Nweze is her cousin. It is Lawyer Nweze’s story that gives Adah the inspiration to dream of travelling to the United Kingdom one day.

The Ibuza women in Lagos are preparing to welcome Lawyer Nweze back to Nigeria after successfully earning a law degree in the United Kingdom. Humour is one of the aspects of language and style in this novel. An instance is seen in the expression, ‘Going to the United Kingdom must surely be like paying God a visit’. A case of onomatopoeia is seen in the word ‘United Kingdom’ being made to sound like a bomb. Lawyer Nweze is held in awe by the people. He is the first man of Ibuza to have a law degree and from a foreign country. The women have to perm their hair to look European in preparation for the reception. This suggests the influence of western culture on Africans, which is a major consequence of colonisation.

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The questions below are for practice.

1. Which of the following is common to all forms of literature?

A) language

B) chorus

C) action

D) narrator

2. The three major forms of literature are

A) tragedy,comedy, tragi-comedy

B) poetry,drama,folktales

C) drama,lyric,prose fiction

D) poetry, drama, prose

3. Beauty in poetry depends mainly on

  1. expression and rhythm
  2. length and theme
  3. vowels and consonants
  4. mood and verse form

4. Read the extract below and answer this question.

But the towering earth was tired of sitting in one position. She moved, suddenly, and the houses crumbled, the mountains heaved horribly, and the work of a million years was lost. The predominant figure of speech in the above extracts is

  1. Oxymoron
  2. Metaphor
  3. Simile
  4. Personification


WAEC Literature Essay and Objective 2023 (EXPO)

The above questions are not exactly 2023 WAEC Literature questions and answers but likely WAEC Literature repeated questions and answers.

These questions are for practice. The 2023 WAEC Literature in English expo will be posted on this page today during the WAEC Literature examination. Keep checking and reloading this page for the answers.

WAEC Literature Questions and Answers 2023 Loading…

Today’s WAEC Literature Answers:

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How To Pass WAEC Literature in English

The West African Examination Council (WAEC) is a body in charge of the Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination. The Certificate offered here is a very important credential that awards or certifies the completion of your Secondary School Education.

It is a major document that qualifies you into any tertiary institution and is equally a major factor affecting admission today.

For this reason, Every Student preparing for this examination WAEC 2022 is preparing for something great.

Care should be taken when participating in this examination in other not to come out with bad grades. The following are the key answers to  WAEC Literature 2023.

1. Be Determined to Pass

The WAEC 2023 Literature is mainly for those who have made up their mind to pass it with a good grade.

Any candidate who, at this point in time, has not made up his or her mind to make the excellent grade in the forthcoming WAEC 2023 Literature is actually not ready to pass.

Your mind should be ready for the task ahead, do not follow lazy friends who believe in a miracle on the day of the exams, stay positive and study your books.

2. Have self-confidence

Self-confidence is another factor that affects a candidate’s performance. Promise to do it all by yourself and everything will come out very simple for you.

It is a well-known fact that many students cancel the right answers just to copy the wrong ones because of a lack of self-confidence. Study and pray hard and you are the miracle for the day.

3. Start Studying Early

Studying is very important in your life as a student. WAEC is a very simple Exam to deal with as long as studies are involved. Studying is one thing and studying on time is another thing entirely.

Do not wait for the WAEC 2023 Literature exams to be so close before you start studying for them. Late preparation will not really help you. When you start studying early there will be time for you to revise before the exams.

2. Make Use the WAEC 2023 Syllabus

Using the WAEC 2023 syllabus is very essential as it will guide you on major topics to cover. Studying without the Syllabus will make you focus on unnecessary topics that will not appear in the exams.

Also, most of the mathematics topic you have not done in class is there in the WAEC syllabus.

3. Pray to God Your Creator

Many think that they can do it all alone without God. The Almighty God is your creator, seek His assistance and He will never fail to help you. Your faith in God determines your success. God is there for you, call upon Him.

4. Adhere to exams instructions.

Any student who is not ready to adhere to the examination conducts is planning to fail. The majority of WAEC Candidates that have their results held are those that were not ready to follow the Exam instructions.

5. Use Your Time Wisely.

It is a well-known fact that WAEC literature demands a lot of time, manage the little time given to you wisely. Consider the number of questions you are to answer and the time given so that you can time wisely.

6. Be punctual to the examination venue

Punctuality matters during the exams. Go to the exam venue early so that your brain can settle for the task. Rushing to the exam hall will make you unstable for the exam and can prone you to so many mistakes.

Take time to go through the exam question paper before you start answering. WAEC literature-in-English Questions and Answers

If you have any questions about WAEC Literature in English Questions and Answers 2023, kindly let us know in the comment box and we shall reply to you within the shortest possible time.

Last Updated on February 17, 2023 by Admin

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215 thoughts on “WAEC Literature In English Questions and Answers 2023/2024 (Theory and Objective)”

      • Sir can I get some topics to read for the exams that will come out,on English studies please sir

  1. Can you help me with some questions on both objectives and theory?

  2. Pls what are the novel that is recommeneded

  3. Is the question going to based on the literature books listed only

  4. I need answers of this Africa prose and non Africa prose


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