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WAEC Agric Practical Questions and Answers 2023/2024 (Complete Solution)

WAEC Agric Practical Questions and Answers 2023. Many WAEC candidates find it difficult to answer the WAEC Agriculture Practical Questions correctly due to not understanding the questions. I will show you the best way to answer WAEC Agric Science Practical questions and make a good grade in your Agricultural Science examination.

You need to understand the WAEC Agric Practical marking scheme before attempting any question so as to present your answers in such a way that it will look attractive to the examiner to enable you to earn big marks.

Bear in mind that every single procedure is awarded marks. So, ensure you do not skip any step while reporting and presenting your practical results. And do not forget to remember that neat drawing and labeling are very important.

You will be expected to carry out an experiment and report your observation.

What you will see will not be far from the WAEC Agric Specimen given to your school.

Today’s Practical Agric Practical Answers

The 2023 answers will be posted here today, 26th May during the examination.

2023 Answers Loading…



(i) Soil moisture

(ii) Temperature

(iii) Organic matter

(iv) Soil pH

(v) Soil Texture

(vii) Oxygen levels



(i) Specimen A creates burrows as it moves through the soil, which enhances soil aeration

(ii) It consumes decaying plant material and aids in the soil decomposition process.

(iii) It burrows through the soil, creating channels that improve soil structure.

(iv) Its burrows act as pathways for water movement through the soil.

(v) It consumes organic matter in the soil, breaking it down into smaller particles.

(vi) It produces a sticky substance called mucilage, which helps bind soil particles together, forming aggregates or clumps.

(vii) Its activity can influence soil pH.

(viii) It promotes the growth and activity of beneficial soil microorganisms.

(ix) The presence of specimen A in the soil, contribute to higher plant productivity.



(i) Its activity resuts to crop damage

(ii) Its extensive tunneling systems underground, which can destabilize the soil structure leads to soil erosion

(iii) It can disrupt nutrient cycling in the soil.

(iv) They can target young seedlings causing damage to the seedling

(iv) The infestation of specimen B can weaken the overall health and vitality of plants.

(v) They increased soil vulnerability to drought.

(vi) Their activity can lead to economic loss.

(vii) It can cause decrease in plant productivity.



(i) Specimen C has good drainage

(ii)) It has the ability to retain and release nutrients effectively.

(iii) It has good water retention capacity

(iv) It provides adequate aeration

(v) The balanced texture of specimen C provides an ideal environment for root development and penetration

(vi) Specimen C is known for its workability and ease of cultivation

(vii) It can maintain its fertility and productivity over the long term


-Specimen E:


(i) It is used for providing constant and easily accessible water supply to livestock.

(ii) It can be utilized as part of an irrigation system.

(iii) It can be used to rear aquatic organisms such as fish, prawns etc.

(iv) It is used in nurseries and greenhouses for seedling propagation.

(v) It is can be used for water storage.

-Specimen F:


(i) It is frequently used to provide feed for cattle.

(ii) It is used to provide feed for sheep and goats.

(iii) In poultry farming, it is used to deliver feed to chickens, and other poultry species.

(iv) They are essential in pig farming to deliver feed to pigs.

(v) It can be used to feed fish and other aquatic organisms.

(vi) They are used in horse stables and pastures to provide feed for horses.

Specimen G:


(i) Egg candler is commonly used to determine the viability of eggs before incubation.

(ii) They are used to monitor the development of the embryo inside the egg.

(iii) They can be used to determine the sex of the embryo in some poultry.

(iv) They can aid in the diagnosis of certain diseases or infections in poultry.

-Specimen H


(i) It is used for catching small fishes and other aquatic animals

(ii) They are useful tools for maintaining aquariums and fish tanks.

(iii) They are re often used in the care of aquatic pets, such as turtles, frogs, or small aquatic mammals

(iv) They are used in pond dipping activities, particularly in environmental education programs.


-Specimen E:

(i) It has a float enclosure

(ii) It has trapezoidal faces

(iii) it has a front facing reservoir

-Specimen F:


(i) It has a rectangular shape

(ii) It has an open top

-Specimen G:

(i) It is solid

(ii) It has an opening or aperture through which the egg is placed for examination

-Specimen H:


(i) It has a net

(ii) It has a handle

(iii) It has a frame that supports the net



(i) Dip net

(ii) Seine Net

(iii) Cast Net

(iv) Butterfly Net

(v) Traps

(vi) Hook and lines


Specimen N:


(i) It serve as an excellent bedding material for poultry houses.

(ii) It can be used as litter on the floor of the poultry house.

(iii) Wood shavings make suitable nesting material for poultry.

(iv) Wood shavings can be used as an insulating material in the walls or ceiling of the poultry house.

Specimen Q:


(i) It can be used as a source of heat in poultry houses.

(ii) It can be used to repel insects and pests in a poultry house.

(iii) Using specimen Q in the poultry house, can help minimize and control foul smells.

(iv) It can be used for brooding newly hatched chicks.



(i) Chopped straw

(ii) Shredded Newspaper

(iii) Sawdust

(iv) Sand

(v) Hay

(vi) Coconut Fiber

(vii) Corn cobs



(i) Specimen N  has a higher absorbency compared to Specimen M.

(ii) Specimen N provides a better cushioning effect than M.

(iii) Specimen N allows for better airflow within the deep litter bedding.

(iv) Specimen M tends to generate more dust particles compared to Specimen N.

(v) Specimen N tend to last longer in the deep litter bedding than M.

(vi) Specimen N are often more cost-effective compared to Specimen M.



(i) The chicks will try to regulate their body temperature by drinking more water when they feel hot.

(ii) They may huddle together or seek out cooler areas in the brooder house.

(iii) Chicks may become less active.

(iv) Chicks may spread their wings away from their bodies to increase heat dissipation.

(v) The chicks may open their beaks and breathe rapidly to increase air circulation and cool down their bodies.

(vi) Chicks may vocalize more when they are subjected to excessive heat.

(vii) The chicks may reduce their food intake.



(i) They may huddle together in a tight group to conserve body heat.

(ii) Chicks may become more active and move around the brooder house.

(iii) The chicks may shiver to try and warm up.

(iv) The chicks may reduce their feed intake and water consumption.

(v) The Chicks may respond by fluffing up their feathers.



(i) Specimen Q provide a localized heat source within the poultry house.

(ii) Using specimen Q can be more energy-efficient compared to other heating methods, as th charcoal burns slowly and can provide a longer-lasting heat source without frequent refueling

(iii) Charcoal combustion produces dry heat, which helps reduce the moisture content in the poultry house.

(iv) Charcoal combustion generates minimal smoke and fewer emissions compared to other fuel sources.

(v) It is generally an affordable fuel option, making it a cost-effective choice for heating poultry houses



Specimen A – Earthworm

Specimen B – Termite

Specimen C – Loamy Soil

Specimen D – Sandy Soil

Specimen E – Water Trough

Specimen F – Feed Trough

Specimen G – Egg candler (Real/Picture/Diagram)

Specimen H – Scoop net

Specimen I – Sugarcane

Specimen J – Pineapple fruit (whole)

Specimen K – Ginger (whole)

Specimen L – Honey (labelled)

Specimen M – Sawdust

Specimen N – Wood shavings

Specimen O – Electric bulb

Specimen P – Kerosene lamp

Specimen Q – Charcoal pot


The answers below are for 2022


The Specimen B is a Castration device which employs a large clamp designed to break the blood vessels supplying The testicles. Once the blood Supply to the testicles is lost testicular necrosis the testicles shrink, Soften. And Castration is said to have occured.

(1b) Specimen C:

(i) used for livestock Identification

(ii) used for Monitoring livestock behaviour

Specimen D

(i) for fastening nuts & bolts

(ii) for loosening nuts and bolts

Specimen E

(i) For lightening

(ii) For generating Especially heat poultry


F – It is a liquid substance

G – It gives a characteristic odour

H – It gives a characteristic odour


They aid the growth of crops


(i) Broadcasting

(ii) Placement

(iii) Foliar application


Pick a good compost bin then locate a spot with good sunlight. Keep the compost bin in a good plate and add green and brown organic matter. Alternate between the layers timely and wet the compost as well. Always turn the compost and allow to decay.


F – Clean up excess Fertilizer on your sidewalk or driveway

G – Ensure it is properly added to the soil

H – Ensure hand gloves are worn


I: Arachis hypogaea

J: Gossypium species

K: Elaeis guineensis

L: Hevea braziliensis


I: Legume crops

J: Fibre crops

K: Oil crops

L: Latex crops










(i) Vascular wilt

(ii) Bud and spear rot

(iii) Sudden wilt

(iv) Red ring disease

(v) Basal stem rot disease

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M – Monogastric

N – Monogastric

O – Ruminant


N – It has thick muscular wall and contain small stones or gastritis.

O – It is composed of several muscular sac.

P – It is a long, narrow, folded or coiled tube extending from the stomach to the large intestine

Q – It is a large meaty organ that sits on the right side of the stomach


Specimen N:

(i)  It aid in digestion by particle size reduction(grinding).

(ii) Chemical degradation of nutrients and regulation of feed flow

Specimen O:

(i) It houses many tiny organisms which aid in the digestion of food such as hay and grass.

(ii) It store chewed plant material and grain that a ruminant regurgitates

Specimen P:

(i) It aid digestion.

(ii) Absorption of digested food.

Specimen Q:

(i) Regulation of body temperature.

(ii) Storage of glycogen, vitamins and minerals.

More answers loading…


1. Describe how Specimen B is used on Farm Animals

b. State 2 uses each of Specimen C, D and E

c. Name 2 other farm tools that could be used in place of each of specimen B and E

2 i. State one physical properties each of Specimen F, G and H

ii. Give one common function of specimen F, G and H

iii. State three methods of applying F to the soil

b. Describe how Specimen G is prepared

c. Mention 1 precaution to be taken when applying each of specimen F, G, and H to the soil.

3. State the botanical names of each of the crops from which Specimen I, J, K, and L were obtained

b. Classify each of Specimens I, J, K and L according to their uses

c. Outline the steps involved in the processing of Specimen I to obtain vegetable oil

d. List 3 disease of the crop from which specimen K was obtained

4. Name one group of Farm Animals from which each of the specimen M,N and O could be found

b. State 1 characteristics feature of of each of specimen N, O and Q

C. State 2 functions each of specimen N, O, P and Q

WAEC Agric Practical Specimen Questions and Answer

1. (a) What class of manure does each of specimen A and B belong to.
(b) List three characteristics of each of specimens A and B.
(c) List two precautions to be observed when applying each of specimens A and
(c) List two precautions to be observed when applying each of specimens A and B.
(d) (i)State which of the specimens is recommended to improve clay soil.
(ii) Give two reasons for your answer.

ANS: (a) Natural and Artificial.
(b) Characteristics of Specimen A (Poultry droppings)
– It is bulky
– Rich in micro-organisms
– Contains many plant nutrients/ improves soil fertility the nutrients concentration are fairly low
– Capable of binding soil particles together /improves soil structure has a bad smell
– Improves soil temperature
– Nutrients not easily leached/lasts longer in the soil Reduces soil erosion by improving soil structure Variable nutrient concentration

Specimen B (N-P-K 15 -15-15)
– Granular in structure Has pungent smell
– Contains only few mineral nutrients
– Not bulky in nature
– Does not reduce soil erosion Nutrients are readily available Hygroscopic.

Precautions to take when applying
Specimen A (Poultry droppings)
– Should not be applied when fresh to crops on the field Must not be allowed to touch the plants
– Should cure properly before application/fully decomposed before applying – Wash hands immediately after application
– Wear protective clothing
– Should be applied when soil is wet
Specimen B (N-P-K 15 -15-15)
– Do not allow direct contact with the plant Do not apply when the soil is very dry
– When applying manually always wear gloves Wash hands immediately after application Do not apply to alkaline soils
– Do not eat, drink or smoke when applying the fertilizers Do soil test to know deficient nutrient before applying.

2. (a) Identify specimens D,E and F.
(b) Classify specimens D,E and F according to their mode of formation.
(c) State three characteristics each of specimens D and E.
(d) State three ways in which specimen E is economically important.

ANS: (a) D(Pebbles or sandstone), E(Granite) and F(Marble).
(b) Specimens D – Sedimentary rock
E – Igneous rock
F – Metamorphic rock
(c) Characteristics; Specimen D (Pebbles /Sandstone)

– Occurs in layers or strata

– Maybe coarse, fine, soft or hard

– Non-crystalline in nature

– May contain fossils/plant and animal remains

– Not resistant to erosion

– May be porous.
Specimen E (Granite)

– Crystalline in nature/contain crystals

– It is massive – Very hard – Impermeable to water

– Highly resistant to erosion and weather element

– Does not contain fossils.

3. (a) Identify specimens C
(b) State two uses of specimens C
(c) Give two maintenance practices for specimens C
 (d) Name two other farm tools that can perform the function of specimen C.

The above questions are strictly for practice, not the 2023 WAEC Agric practical expo.

WAEC Agric Practical Answers 2023 (EXPO)

Note: The 2023 WAEC Practical Agric answers (expo) will be posted here today during the WAEC Agric Practical exam. Keep checking and reloading this page to know when the answers are posted. Do not forget to reload this page in order to see the answers.

Be patient while waiting in case the answers come late.

If you have any questions about the 2023 WAEC Agric Practical 2023, kindly let us know in the comment box.

Last Updated on May 26, 2023 by Admin

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  1. What are the specimen to use for 2023/2024 agriculture science partical

  2. what are items to be used for 2023 Agriculture science practical

    • Please drop the agric practical questions here before the exam for easy preparation.

  3. will the answer come before the day or the day before exam question will come?


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